Recently cord blood transplantation has been an effective way of treating patients with a blood disease and cancer who need stem cell transplants. Up to date, more than 30, 000 patients have been treated successfully with cord blood transplants.
The essential ingredients in cord blood are the hematopoietic stem cells and the progenitor that are in a position to replicate and multiply to replace the entire immune systems of the patient.
It is not easy to get the stem cells; they are very rare, they make up to only one percent of the entire cells in cord blood. But the most important thing is that cord blood contains a lot of blood-forming progenitor and stem cells. Public banks and private or family banks are the main sources of cord blood for transplants; best cord blood banking solutions stores them in a cryopreserved frozen state to stay for a long time in an active state.
The most important think about cord blood banking is to store them in a frozen state so that when they are required for therapy, they will be still live and be in a functional state to replicate the blood cells in the patient’s body.
The most pressing question that arises is how long you can store cord blood? Or how long can the progenitor and stem cells stay in a frozen condition and still be viable to treat patients?
In theory, cord blood stem cells if properly cryopreserved, they can stay for a very long time up to decades, with subsequent progenitor cells and subsequent retrieval of the viable stem.
Practically, the length of storage will depend on the level of the cryopreservation procedure. It will depend on whether the storage facility was well preserved with cryogenic nitrogen at a shallow temperature.The length of storage will primarily depend on the environment, which it is stored. If stored well, cord blood cells can stay up to decades.